BMT or Bone Marrow Transplantation as it is popularly referred to as is actually a procedure undertaken to replace damaged bone marrow with a healthy one. Soft fatty tissue present within the bone is called the bone marrow. From specific immature cells are created new blood cells which reside within the bone marrow. Such immature cells are termed as stem cells. Since the Bone marrow transplant cost in India is reasonable, doctors across the country do suggest their patients to undergo this procedure if they feel it the only solution left for availing treatment and to cure the issue.
When it is necessary to avail Bone Marrow Transplantation procedure?
With this procedure, it is possible to treat various types of diseases such as aplastic anaemia, thalassemia, leukaemia, etc. Even cancers like non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, multiple myeloma and Hodkin’s lymphoma is treated using this procedure. Few specific childhood cancers such as neuroblastoma, sarcomas, etc. can also be treated effectively.
It is possible to recover stem cells from within the patient’s body receiving treatment with Autologus BMT procedure. Upon recovering the stem cells, the patient is then provided with chemotherapy in very high dosage. On successful completion of the chemotherapy session, stem cells get introduced back into the patient’s body intravenously.
Again, Allogenic BMT involves availing necessary stem cell from the donor for treatment purpose. In this case, the donor needs to match the patient, so as to provide proper treatment. usual stem donors in this case, are considered to be the person who is found to have excellent genetic match with the patient or the patient’s siblings. It is only after performing various types of blood tests that genetic match gets established.
What are the benefits to be derived from Bone Marrow Transplantation procedure?
Several factors are taken into consideration to determine how effective the BMT treatment has been and how well the patient is able to recover from the procedure. Some factors include BMT type used, percentage of match achieved between donor and patient stem cells, cancer type affected in the patient, his/her general health condition and age at the time of which the procedure is being sought after. With this procedure, it is possible to cure completely the disease or brought under complete control, before it expands further to cause serious health hazards. Depending upon the success of the treatment procedure offered, the patient can recover at the earliest and enjoy performing day to day activities like before in few months’ time or perhaps within a year’s time.
Are there present any time of complications on availing BMT procedure?
There may arise few types of complications following the BMT procedure which the patient and his/her family need to be aware about. It is only a thoroughly informed person, who can take the correct decision in his/her favour and enjoy better results as desired. The complications however, may depend upon several factors. It generally includes the patient’s age at the time of the procedure, his/her present health condition, diseases suffered by the patient and the treatment undertaken before availing BMT procedure including radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Complications arising might have some relation to the match amount that has been established successfully with the stem cell of the donor and on the BMT type that is used, be it allogenic or auto. Complications which are generally noticed include the patient becoming prone to developing infections, bleeding or developing anaemia, experiencing soreness in mouth, food pipe, stomach and throat. The vital organs of the patient like liver, lungs, heart and the kidneys may also experience damage and there can arise graft failure cases and other issues.
Cancer is indeed a dangerous disease and needs to be diagnosed treated at the very onset. Doctors these days, make use of sophisticated medical equipment and gadgets to diagnose the location of where cancer has evolved and to provide the necessary treatment as deemed fit. BMT is one such procedure that is recommended by the top doctors. The best hospitals do patients with affordable cost of bone marrow transplant in India, thus allowing every cancer affected person to get a second lease of life. The leading hospitals also have the essential lab infrastructure for harvesting stem cells including adequately stocked blood bank.